European progress and development are closely linked to enhanced mobility, competence, efficiency and improved infrastructure. The construction industry is a key factor in the development.

One sector of the construction industry is operations utilizing explosives for rock blasting, quarry operations, mining for minerals on the surface and subsurface or demolition of outdated buildings and other structures. Such work must be carried out by competent professionals, in first hand by the European shotfirers. To safeguard competence, adequate training is important. EFEE, European Federation of Explosives Engineers, is actively supporting relevant activities.

The ESSEEM project, supported by EU under the Leonardo da Vinci program, implemented by supporters in Finland, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Germany, Portugal and Norway has prepared training material aimed at shorfirers. The output is prepared on a ppt platform in a number of chapters or packages. PECCS, a second stage project, aims at establishing a training course covering the requirements to a coming high standard shotfirer certificate.

In agreement with the Leonardo-da-Vinci program aims, the project output has been made available for interested parties. The output includes:
• Introduction and contents
• WP.01 Basic Geology with Introduction to Minerals
• WP.02 Drilling methods and commonly used machinery
• WP.03 Construction materials
• WP.04 Explosives and their main characteristics
• WP.05 Initiation systems
• WP.06 Blasting theory
• WP.07 Structures and Demolition
• WP.08 Suitable explosives and detonating systems for bench blasting
• WP.09 Blasting in sensitive areas
• WP.10 Safety aspects for Rock blasting and demolition work.
• WP.11 Commercial aspects – Cost estimation (Rock blasting and Demolition)
• WP.12 ESSEEM Project Management

Varsku her presents parts of the ESSEEM project output. Copyright is governed by the EU Leonardo da Vinci regulations. Readers are advised that the output is prepared solely for information purpose. Opinions and statements included are based on reliable sources in good faith.
In no event however, shall Varsku her, the Project Contractor, the Project Partners or the Authors be liable for direct or indirect incidental or consequential damages resulting from the use of the information.

EFEE, THE EUROPEAN FEDERATION OF EXPLOSIVES ENGINEERS is a federation where the core group of members is national societies from more than twenty European countries aiming at improved safety, technology, mobility in the use of explosives in Europe. EFEE believes in competence, efficiency and equal opportunities with European focus.

During a number of years EFEE has questioned the rational reasons behind the fact that, in spite of the European openness, companies face problems when crossing national borders using own shotfirers and blasting staff. Rock quality, geology, steel or concrete quality may be different from one project to another, however, not governed by nationalities or national border lines.

EFEE appreciates that governmental systems are different, that language problems exist, that laws and regulations have national peculiarities and that the overall security situation must be taken into consideration. Training requirements, technical competence and certification for blasting operations in the civil sector, however, should be harmonized.

The Leonardo da Vinci representative and Contract partner is the National Agent (NA) in Norway
The Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education” (SIU).
SIU is a public agency that promotes international cooperation in education and research.

NFF Project. NFF is a society of individuals, companies, institutes and agencies working with blasting and rock engineering. The society is the contract counterpart and promoter of the project.
KCEM, Sweden, stands for Competence Centre for Energetic Materials. KCEM’s objectives are: to support education and training of personnel from all levels and backgrounds.
Kure Rock Blasting Technique, Norway. They are undertaking advisory services, specializing in difficult blasting.
Werner Sprengtechnik, Germany. This company is active within demolition using explosives rendering advisory services on demolition operations within and outside Germany.
Ledap-Laboratorio de Energetica e Detonica,Associação de Apoio. This is an institute at the University of Coimbra, Portugal, undertaking research and development within energetic materials.
Dresdner Sprengschule. This is an educational institution covering most aspects on the handling of explosives.
SANDVIK Mining and Construction OY, Finland, is a supplier of systems for rock drilling, load and haul equipment, mining and tunnelling machinery.
Orica Mining Services, Europe is a supplyer of hardware and soft services to the construction and mining industry.
 isep – Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto is one of the top schools of technology in Portugal including faculties for mathematics, physics, mechanical engineering, electro, geo-science and more.
University of Pardubice. Institute of Energetic Materials (IEM). Participant in the ESSEEM project is the Department of Chemistry, Institute of Energetic Materials (IEM)
European Federation of Explosives Engineers, aims at improved competence, technology, safety and environmental aspects within the construction sector utilizing explosives.
Rock Blasting Council, Norway. This is a council initiated by the Ministry and “dsb”, to handle the training of shotfirers.


06.01 Blasting theory, page 1-376


02 Rock drilling methods and machinery

Initiation Systems

07.01 Demolition